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Concurrent exposure to a dectin-1 agonist suppresses the Th2 response to epicutaneously introduced antigen in mice

Jing-Yi Lin1, Jau-Shiuh Chen2, Pei-Chun Chen3, Ming-Hui Chung2, Ching-Yi Liu2, Shi-Chuen Miaw4 and Li-Fang Wang2*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan

2 Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan

3 Department of Statistics and Informatics Science, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan

4 Graduate Institute of Immunology of National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan

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Journal of Biomedical Science 2013, 20:1  doi:10.1186/1423-0127-20-1

Published: 3 January 2013

Abstract

Background

Epicutaneous sensitization with protein allergen that induces predominant Th2 responses is an important sensitization route in atopic dermatitis. Fungal components have been shown to modulate Th cell differentiation. However, the effects of fungal components on epicutaneous sensitization are unclear.

Results

In this study, we showed that co-administration of curdlan, a dectin-1 agonist, during epicutaneous ovalbumin sensitization of BALB/c mice decreased the IL-5 and IL-13 levels in supernatants of lymph node cell ovalbumin reactivation cultures. Mechanistically, curdlan co-administration decreased IL-4 and IL-1β expressions in draining lymph nodes. Curdlan co-administration also lower the migration of langerin+ CD103- epidermal Langerhans cells into draining lymph nodes at 96 hours post-sensitization which might be attributed to decreased expressions of IL-18 and IL-1β in patched skin. Moreover, adoptive transfer of CFSE-labeled transgenic CD4 T cells confirmed that curdlan co-administration decreased the proliferation and IL-4-production of ovalbumin -specific T cells primed by epidermal Langerhans cells.

Conclusions

These results indicated that concurrent exposure to a dectin-1 agonist suppresses the epicutaneously induced Th2 response by modulating the cytokine expression profiles in draining LNs and the migration of epidermal Langerhans cells. These results highlight the effects of fungal components on epicutaneous allergen sensitization in atopic diseases.

Keywords:
Fungus; Dectin-1; Epicutaneous sensitization; Th2 response