Dose-dependent effect of lutein on PDGF-induced cellular signaling. PDGF-BB was preincubated with vehicle or the indicated concentrations of lutein for 30 min and was added to VSMCs for 10 min. Cells were harvested and lysates were analyzed by Western blotting (n = 4).
Lo et al. Journal of Biomedical Science 2012 19:18 doi:10.1186/1423-0127-19-18