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Open Access Research

Gly1057Asp polymorphism of insulin receptor substrate-2 is associated with coronary artery disease in the Taiwanese population

Shih-Hung Chan12*, Jyh-Hong Chen2, Yi-Heng Li2 and Liang-Miin Tsai2

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

2 Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

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Journal of Biomedical Science 2012, 19:100  doi:10.1186/1423-0127-19-100

Published: 5 December 2012

Abstract

Background

Gly1057Asp polymorphism in insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-2 is related to insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus (DM), which both contribute to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, we hypothesize that Gly1057Asp polymorphism in IRS-2 is associated with CAD.

Methods

Patients receiving elective coronary angiography were enrolled. Significant stenosis is defined as a luminal diameter stenosis greater than 50%. Patients without significant stenosis were defined as group A, and those with significant stenosis in at least one major coronary artery were defined as group B. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used to evaluate the relationship between Gly1057Asp polymorphism in IRS-2 and CAD. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index was calculated as a representative of insulin resistance. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the association between Gly1057Asp polymorphism in IRS-2 and the HOMA-IR index.

Results

There were 170 patients in group A and 284 patients in group B. The Gly allele frequencies were 54.7% for group A and 60.9% for group B (p = 0.077). The Gly/Gly + Gly/Asp genotype frequency was 74.1% for group A and 84.9% for group B (p = 0.007). After adjustments for conventional risk factors in multivariate logistic regression, the odds ratio for CAD in patients with the Gly/Gly + Gly/Asp genotype was 2.008 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.210-3.332, p = 0.007], using patients with the Asp/Asp genotype as a reference group. The concurrence of Gly1057Asp polymorphism in IRS-2 with DM is correlated with occurrence of CAD. In multivariate logistic regression, employing non-diabetics with the Asp/Asp genotype as a reference group, the odds ratio for CAD was 1.561 [95% CI = 0.517-4.713, p = 0.430] for diabetics with the Asp/Asp genotype, 1.922 [95% CI = 1.086-3.400, p = 0.025] for non-diabetics with the Gly/Gly + Gly/Asp genotype, and 3.629 [95% CI = 1.820-7.236, p < 0.001] for diabetics with the Gly/Gly + Gly/Asp genotype. There was no association between Gly1057Asp polymorphism in IRS-2 and HOMA-IR index.

Conclusion

Gly allele at codon 1057 in IRS-2 is correlated with an increased susceptibility to CAD in the Taiwanese population. There is a synergistic effect toward CAD between the pathogenicity of DM and that of the Gly allele.

Keywords:
Insulin receptor substrate; Diabetes mellitus; Coronary artery disease; Single nucleotide polymorphism; Insulin resistance; Homeostasis model assessment